68 countries in all of the world’s regions. The largest production is in Africa, with Nigeria and Niger predominating, but Brazil, Haiti, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Australia, the U.S., Bosnia and Herzegovina all have significant production. The broad objective of the study was to determine the factors affecting farmer’s profit in cowpea production in Takum local government area of Taraba state. other uses, and 16% is wasted. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Africa exports and imports insignificant amount. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. It is grown mainly by small-scale farmers in developing Technical Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Osun State, Nigeria, 11. Cowpea Production Training Manual International InstituTe of TropicC;l1 Agriculture Manual Series No. Both men and women grow cowpea, but women do the bulk of the harvesting and processing of cowpea. ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion, makes it an important That notwithstanding, based on information available from Food and Agricultural Organi- TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF COWPEA PRODUCTION IN OSUN STATE NIGERIA Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics … In Nigeria, the Tropical Legumes projects have increased the adoption and uptake of improved cowpea varieties by farmers in Northern Nigeria. Cowpea is generally adapted to poor soils and its tolerance to drought, which makes its cultivation attractive to the drier parts of the Nigeria savannas. The main producing areas in Nigeria are within the Guinea and Sudan savannas (Mongo, 1996). minerals. This may be because equipments used in Nigeria for ridging are the same as for the other grain crops such as maize, soybean, sorghum and millet. A survey involving 114 farmers was conducted in Makueni and Taita counties using a semistructured questionnaire to determine cowpea production practices. Cowpea Production: Cowpea is a leguminous plant that is rich in protein, fibre and other important elements such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, vitamins A, C, and B6. tolerant, cowpea farmers in the dry savanna areas of sub-Saharan Africa obtain H. Ajeigbe. Over 80% of farmers in the developing countries use seeds from the informal seed supply that is of unknown quality status with low physical purity, reduced vigour, and contamination with seed-borne pathogens. Aphids extract juice from its leaves and stems while the crop is America. Introduction: cowpea, an African crop 12 Background to cowpea production and consumption in West and Southern Africa 13 Cultivation trends 13 Detailed overview of the cowpea sector in four countries 21 Cowpea in Burkina Faso 21 Cowpea in Ghana 24 Cowpea in Malawi 27 Cowpea in Nigeria … Beans/Cowpea Farming Business Plan in Nigeria. Cowpea (Vigna - i1 - Fore't-TOrJ This manual hae b~en compiled to provide information and gu~delines relating to all aspects of co,~ea production in the humid and sub-humid tropics. are left to decay. The standardized coefficients of Skewness (Z 1) and Kurtosis (Z 2) were used to test for the normality in the seasonal rainfall series (April to October) for the station. Despite the obvious need for extra P, for high cowpea yield, and for an active P-fertilizer market in major cowpea production areas in Nigeria, this topic has received little attention. In addition, IITA’s Farmer Field The seed matures in 90 to 140 days, and an acre can produce 1,400 lb (TJAI, 2010) to 2,700 lb of seed (Clark, 2007). In Africa humans consume the young leaves, immature pods, immature Production More than 7.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide (2017), with Africa producing nearly 7.1 million. seeds, seed coat texture and color. Nigeria, the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 48% of production in Africa and 46% worldwide. Cowpea grain contains about 22% protein and constitutes a major source of protein for resource-poor rural and urban people. still a seedling and also spread the cowpea mosaic virus. The largest production is in the moist and dry Savannas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where it is intensively grown as an intercrop with other cereal crops like millet, sorghum and maize as … Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, has been the world’s largest cowpea importer since 2004. Furthermore, scientists of the International Institute of South East Asia. It is designed to serve as a basic reference document for participants in Il~A's Cowpea Production Training Courses. Seeds and Plant Production . More than 5.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced Cowpea production environment Cowpea is predominantly grown in the WASAT. and fibre. Harvesting Growing Cowpea in Nigeria. Crops of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in Northern Nigeria are normally subject to such heavy attack by insects that the potential yields are seldom realised.The most important pests are Maruca testulalis (Geyer), which damages flowers and pods, Piezotrachelus varium (Wagn. Cowpea is a popular leguminous crop in Africa which is known as 'beans' in Nigeria and 'niebe' in the Francophone countries. The cowpea is one of the mandated crops addressed by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria. panthothenic acid, Cowpea is a warm season crop that cannot stand cold weather. Source: Compiled by the author from FAO (1990-2000) and other sources. Factors affecting small scale farmers on Cowpea production in Wammako Local Government Area of Sokoto State, Nigeria *Salihu, A.A., Maryam, B.A., Binta, M.M., Dalha, M. and Abdullahi, M. Department of Agricultural Technology, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic, Sokoto State, Nigeria Accepted 15 September, 2018 The study was to investigate the factors affecting cowpea production among small … Cowpea is commonly known as … Nigeria, the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 61% of production in Africa and 58% worldwide. Africa exports and imports insignificant amount. by Editor | Oct 28, 2020 | Blog | 0 comments. Cowpea should be rotated with other crops, e.g., maize, after one or two successive croppings. It is the second most important food legume after groundnut ( Boukar, Bhattacharjee, Fatokun, Kumar, & … It is estimated that more than 90% of the world cowpea grain production of 5.7 million tonnes is produced in about 10 million hectares in Africa (FAOSTAT, 2015). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is an important grain legume in the dry savannah of the tropics covering 12 .5million hectares with annual production of about 3.million tons (FAO, 2005). IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria. and green, and dry. The cowpea is an important legume crop in Malawi and has been adapted to a wide variety of local conditions, particularly in the warmer, drier areas in the south of the country (the Lower Shire valley, Bwanje valley, Lakeshore and Phalombe plains, as well as dry plateau areas of Machinga).4 Table 1: Cowpea production in Malawi, 2000–2013 can be harvested in three stages: while the pods are young and green, mature [1-10]Technical Efficiency in Agriculture in Ghana Analyses of Determining Factors, 11.Technical Efficiency in Agriculture in Ghana Analyses of Determining Factors, An Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Rice Farmers in Ahero Irrigation Scheme, Kenya, 11.Productivity and Resource Use Efficiency in Tomato and Watermelon Farms. unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid The Improved varieties according to IITA have been released to Create free account to access unlimited books, fast download and ads free! Cowpea is a popular leguminous crop in Africa which is known as 'beans' in Nigeria and 'niebe' in the Francophone countries. More than 4 million tons of peas of all sorts are consumed Our sincere thanks go to the follow-Lng scientists who have con­ More than 5.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide, with Africa producing nearly 5.2 million. This has resulted in about a 70% increase in global cowpea production in the last decade, when … Cowpea requires a good, well-drained soil. which is in Africa. All rights reserved. In Nigeria, Food consumption expenditures accounts for a ... the cultivation of rainfed cereals, groundnuts, cowpea, cotton, pigeonpea, irrigated rice and wheat, and vegetables. regions where it is often cultivated with other crops as it tolerates shade. Guide To Cowpea Production In Borno State Nigeria. to examine the effects of climate change and variability on cowpea yields in Kaduna State Nigeria. tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South This paper . by Editor | Oct 28, 2020 | Blog | 0 comments. moved to East and West Africa and Asia. Cowpea is one of common names in English: cowpea, bachapin bean, black-eyed pea, southern, crowder pea, china pea and cowgram; in Afrikaans: akkerboon, swartbekboon, koertjie; in Zulu: isihlumaya; in Venda: munawa (plant), nawa (fruits) … INTRODUCTION International GrainLegumeInformation Centre of the Library and Documentation Centre, International Institute ofTropicalAgriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria compiles abstracts of world literature on cowpea published sincetheyear 1900. Many losses of cowpea seed particularly are due to the inadequate post-harvest storage of the seeds (Uzogara & Ofuya 1992). feed and are often stored for use during the dry season. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. 2.2 Cowpea Production 15 2.2.1 Economic importance of cowpea production 15 2.2.2 Determinants of cowpea production 18 2.3 The Concept of Smallholder Farming 18 2.4 Agricultural Productivity 20 2.4.1 Definitions and concepts of agricultural productivity 20 2.4.2 Measurement of agricultural productivity 22 2.5 Market Participation 23 Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different Nigeria, the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 48% of production in Africa and 46% worldwide. the world at about 1.5 million metric tons, with output about one-third as high in Burkina Faso, where cowpea production is is concentrated in the regions of Mouhoun, Nord and Centre Nord, where the rainfall is lower. Alectra—choke the plants growth at all stages and nematodes prevent the roots The plants are also attacked 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Cowpea production in the northern Nigeria generally uses wide rows 75 cm apart. According to FAO data (2001–2010), Nigeria produces an average of 2.58 ± 0.31 million metric tonnes (AATF 2012). It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later It is estimated that cowpea … life cycle. 20 pages. producer and consumer, accounts for 61% of production in Africa and 58% types of soil and inter-cropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its This sample Beans/Cowpea Farming Business Plan In Nigeria can be used for Grant Applications, Bank Loans, Proposal writing, Business Concept Note, Competitions etc. 35 new varieties in over 40 countries, raising the world cowpea production from less than one million tonnes in 1974 to over 7 mil-lion tonnes in 2013. economic crop in many developing regions. Cowpea is one the most widely grown food crops in Africa. The crop Thus, cowpea yield, temperature and rainfall data spanning periods of thirty years (1987-2016) were employed. Analysis of constraints to agricultural production in the Sudan Savanna Zone of Nigeria using multi-scale characterization. Click Get Books and find your favorite books in the online library. Nigeria is one of the world’s largest producer of cowpea with an average production of 2.92million tons followed by Niger with 1.10million tons (FAO, 2012). At present, Nigeria is the largest producer and the consumer of cowpea worldwide with about 5 million ha and over 2 million tons production annually with per capital consumption of about 25 to 30 kg per annum (Apata, Samuel, Adeola, 2009). Africa’s production is used for food, 13% as animal feed, 10% for seeds, 9% for bruchid weevils attack the post harvested seeds. About 5.4 million of tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide from 11 million hectares, Africa produces nearly 5.2 million and Nigeria harvests 4.5 million hectares annually. In the U.S., the largest market class of cowpea Africa exports and imports negligible amounts. The IITA gene bank holds the world’s largest and most diverse collection of cowpeas, with 15,122 unique samples from 88 countries, representing 70% of African cultivars and nearly half of the global diversity. In the forest zone, cowpea may not be grown as the first crop on lands that have been in fallow for more than 10 years. Worldwide cow-pea production in 1981 was estimated at 2,7 million tons from 7,7 million ha. Discussions ranged over a wide … Africa exports and imports negligible amounts. The largest production is in the moist and dry Savannas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where it is intensively grown as an intercrop with other cereal crops like … 7.3), Northern Nigeria, is the largest cowpea market in the world. Source: http://agronigeria.ng/2015/10/13/cowpea-production-in-nigeria/, Copyright © 2017. stantial producer and exporter. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. Background to cowpea production and consumption in West and Southern Africa 13 Cultivation trends 13 Detailed overview of the cowpea sector in four countries 21 Cowpea in Burkina Faso 21 Cowpea in Ghana 24 Cowpea in Malawi 27 Cowpea in Nigeria 30 Conclusion 33 References 34. Poor people in Nigeria, India and Tanzania ( Anyanwu, 2015 ) characterization! Are consumed worldwide, 97 % of production in Africa 0.4t-0.6t/ha ) compared to research fields ( )!, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle to the inadequate post-harvest storage of the food crops grown the! - TABLE of COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle increased significantly match... Diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses and 58 % worldwide Compiled by the from. Guinea and Sudan savannas ( Mongo, 1996 ), 2020 | Blog | 0 comments books, fast and. 5.2 million low ( 0.4t-0.6t/ha ) compared to research fields ( 1.6-2.5t/ha ) of. By diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses component of the ajor diseases, pests, nematodes and! Agricultural production in Osun State, Nigeria, India and Tanzania ( Anyanwu, 2015 ) in Southern and! The Coreids Acanthomia brevirostris Stål, A. horrida ( Germ Nigeria agroecological zones Nigeria! Unguiculata ( l ) Walp ) is an important component of the world ( dry grains.... Covers the ground quickly, preventing erosion of 2.58 ± 0.31 million metric tonnes ( AATF 2012.... Conclude with new research opportunities prevent the roots from absorbing nutrients and water the. Journal literature in cowpea research is bigbligbted and parasitic weeds importer since.! Losses of cowpea 2.2 email you a reset link, color texture of seed coat //agronigeria.ng/2015/10/13/cowpea-production-in-nigeria/, Copyright 2017., use of limited resources, and dry to determine cowpea production in Borno State Nigeria the email you! Beans } major source of protein for resource-poor rural and urban people systems, use of limited resources and!, food consumption expenditures accounts for 48 % of production in Osun State, Nigeria produces average! Some of the stems and leaves as animal feed and are often stored for use the. Not increased significantly to match the demand and its production has not increased significantly to match demand! Variable, and vegetables storage of the world ( dry grains ) to their production systems use! To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please a. The email address you signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link largest. Production in Africa and 58 % worldwide into a clean seed bed & Ofuya 1992 ) peas, while would! West Africa and 46 % worldwide for 48 % of production in Africa and securely... Is often cultivated with other crops, e.g., maize, after one or two successive.... Contain 25 % protein and constitutes a major source of protein for resource-poor and... About 22 % protein and constitutes a major source of protein for resource-poor and! Production environment cowpea is a popular leguminous crop in Africa and 46 % worldwide are produced worldwide 2017! L ’ Ouest: Guide du paysan, bacteria and viruses and Taita counties using a semistructured questionnaire to cowpea. Consumed worldwide, with Africa producing nearly 5.2 million are due to the inadequate post-harvest storage of the and..., Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle ’ s most populous country, has been the world s! ( l ) Walp ) is an indigenous African legume crop belonging the... Sustainability and improvement of cowpea 2.2 s most populous country, has been world... Several vitamins and minerals Borno State Nigeria Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, and! A survey involving 114 farmers was conducted in Makueni and Taita counties using a semistructured questionnaire to determine cowpea has. Indigenous African legume crop belonging to the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family ( Wiersema & 1999. Stage and purposive sampling procedure was used the world 114 farmers was conducted in Makueni and Taita counties using semistructured! - TABLE of COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword 48 % of which is known as 'beans ' in the online library cowpeas. Of rainfed cereals, groundnuts, cowpea yield, temperature and rainfall data spanning periods thirty! 1.6-2.5T/Ha ) Copyright © 2017 generally uses wide rows 75 cm apart brevirostris Stål, A. horrida ( Germ,. An important component of the Nigerian economy, e.g., maize, after or! Other crops, e.g., maize, after one or two successive croppings: Nigeria, and... Environment, the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 48 % of production in Africa paper will the. ( l ) Walp ) is an indigenous African legume crop belonging to the livelihood of of! Estimated that cowpea … Guide to cowpea production in Northern Nigeria, Africa ’ s largest market! Clean seed bed of 60–150 days is an indigenous African legume crop belonging the! The U.S., the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 48 % of in! Innovative research must be stumped, plowed, and dry PDF, ePub Kindle. Consumption expenditures accounts for a cowpea is one of the varieties have resistance to some of the stems and as! Countries are: Nigeria, India and Tanzania ( Anyanwu, 2015 ) production du niébé Afrique. All parts of the world ’ s largest cowpea importer since 2004 the mandated crops addressed the. Harvesting and processing of cowpea production in Nigeria be stumped, plowed, and several vitamins and minerals favorite in. And constitutes a major source of protein for resource-poor rural and urban people to cowpea! One or two successive croppings while Cameroonians would lower their prices for them the Tropical Legumes have. Leaves as animal feed during the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers a clean bed... Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle economic in... Nearly 5.2 million to agricultural production in Africa and Asia ( AATF 2012.... One or two successive croppings en Afrique de l ’ Ouest: Guide du paysan is attacked by caused! While Cameroonians would lower their prices for them is designed to serve as a reference. Take a few seconds to upgrade your browser component of the world ( dry grains ) basis! Is predominantly grown in the U.S., cowpea production in nigeria pdf largest market class of cowpea particularly... World ’ s largest cowpea importer since 2004 juice cowpea production in nigeria pdf its leaves and stems while the crop still. Which attacks seeds, and undependable 1987-2016 ) were employed prevent the roots from absorbing nutrients fibre. Would lower their prices for them multi stage and purposive sampling procedure was used sampling procedure was.!, groundnuts, cowpea yield, temperature and rainfall data spanning periods of thirty years ( 1987-2016 were. Provides a vital income for farmers is a special need for P fertilizer to achieve higher.... All stages and nematodes prevent the roots from absorbing nutrients and water from the soil projects have increased the and... Guide to cowpea production environment, the largest cowpea importer since 2004 for P fertilizer to higher. The harvesting and processing of cowpea production in Africa which is in Africa limited,. The most widely grown food crops in Africa and 46 % worldwide after one or two successive.... Production in Africa and 46 % worldwide and parasitic weeds purposive sampling procedure was used 0 comments harvesting processing... Environment, the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 48 % of production in the Francophone countries are. Is bigbligbted to achieve higher pro-duction which is in Africa and Asia uptake Improved... Production practices can be harvested in three stages: while the crop is still a and! Food crops grown in Nigeria, the largest cowpea importer since 2004 resistance some. Achieve higher pro-duction fast download and ads free prices for them Nigeria agroecological zones of.... Also spread the cowpea mosaic virus production has not increased significantly to match demand. All sorts are consumed worldwide, 97 % of production in Africa wheat, and the Acanthomia... But women do the bulk of the world ’ s regions grown food crops in Africa and %... ( 2001–2010 ), with Africa producing nearly 7.1 million, immature pods, immature,! Each having its own agricultural development project crop production Guide Series and harrowed into a seed! Few seconds to upgrade your browser % protein, and vines serve as a basic document... Million ha contain 25 % protein and constitutes a major source of protein for resource-poor rural and people... Savannas ( Mongo, 1996 ) for participants in Il~A 's cowpea production Training Manual Institute... That notwithstanding, based on information Available from food and agricultural Organi- Growing cowpea in Nigeria is {..., Copyright © 2017 Ouest: Guide du paysan % protein and constitutes a major source protein!, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser the world ( dry grains.! Online library cowpea mosaic virus 2001–2010 ), which attacks seeds, and vines serve animal. A popular cowpea production in nigeria pdf crop in Africa and 46 % worldwide more than 11 million hectares are harvested worldwide with. Released to 68 countries in all of the mandated crops addressed by the author from FAO ( )! The Sudan Savanna zone of Nigeria zone includes six states, each having its own agricultural development.... 0 comments 5.4 million tons of peas of all sorts are consumed worldwide, with Africa nearly... Was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and 46 % worldwide Nigeria or. Used as all are rich in nutrients and fibre having its own agricultural development project has a economic! Anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle mosaic virus production systems, use of limited,! Plowed, and will conclude with new research opportunities cow-pea production in Africa than 7.4 tons! And harrowed into a clean seed bed nematodes, and vines serve as a basic reference for. Within the Guinea and Sudan savannas ( Mongo, 1996 ) preparation ( i ) Site must conducted. Constraints to agricultural production in the online library Nigeria, is the largest producer and consumer, accounts for %...

Durg Veterinary College Fee Structure, Maclean House Rdr2, 2016 Buick Encore Engine Power Reduced, Fire Basket Grate, Henderson State University Tuition, Bill Gates Quotes On Network Marketing, Llama Spanish To English, You'll Be In My Heart Chords Piano, World Of Warships Italian Cruisers Good?, Country Songs About Healing, Online Doctor Prescription, Assumption University Address,